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  Document ANSI-8218 Mortality Management Options During an Avian Influenza Outbreak

By Josh Payne. The avian influenza virus may still be present within the carcass, litter, feed or eggs and could be spread by insects, rodents, predators and subsurface or aboveground water movement, as well as through direct contact with other birds, leading to increased disease transmission risks. For these reasons, proper mortality management practices must be implemented immediately following a disease outbreak. Strict biosecurity measures must be followed to prevent disease transmission from human activity. This fact sheet discusses options.

2 MB
  Document ANSI-8219 Proper Disposal of Routine and Catastrophic Livestock and Poultry Mortality

By Josh Payne. This fact sheet gives descriptive information on how to properly dispose of dead animal carcasses. Revised April 2010

407 KB
  Document ANSI-8220 On-Farm Mortality Composting of Livestock Carcasses

By Josh Payne and Brian Pugh. Livestock mortality is an issue faced by every livestock farming operation, both large and small. For many producers, carcass disposal options are limited, can be costly, and may temporarily disturb the land needed for grazing. Improper disposal of dead animal carcasses and the resulting leach­ate (carcass fluids) can negatively impact surface water and groundwater quality. One state approved procedure that livestock producers may not be familiar with is composting. By definition, composting is a controlled biological decomposition process that converts organic matter into a stable, humus-like product. While backyard composting systems have a well-blended mixture of components (carbon and nitrogen), which results in a rapid compost cycle, livestock composting is a slower process. Composting livestock carcasses is characterized by the break down of a large centralized nitrogen source (carcass) that is surrounded by a carbon source (bulking agent). Reviewed June 2013.

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  Document B-808 Land Application of Biosolids: A Review of Research Concerning Benefits, Environmental Impacts, and Regulations of Applying Treated Sewage Sludge

This bulletin discusses reasearch results conducted on land application of sewage sludge. Reviewed July 2016.

3 MB
  Document BAE-1522 PPM Plus: A Tool to Aid in Nutrient Management Plan Development

This fact sheet describes a computer model to evaluate water quality consequences of alternative management practices for pastures and row crops. It is user-friendly and intended for use by conservation planners and farm managers.

2 MB
  Document BAE-1736 Lagoons for Livestock Waste Treatment

By Doug Hamilton. This fact sheet discusses livestock waste, and the lagoons to treat it. Reviewed May 2014.

2 MB
  Document BAE-1751 Consistence of Manure/Water Mixtures

By Doug Hamilton. This fact sheet discusses the consistency of manure and what type of equipment may be needed for the different consistencies. Reviewed May 2014.

612 KB
  Document BAE-1760 Organic Matter Content of Wastewater and Manure

By Doug Hamilton. This fact sheet defines organic matter in byproduct materials, and shows how the many different measures of organic matter are used to predit the material's behavior in the environment. Reviewed May 2015.

895 KB
  Document CR-2270 Impact of Sensor Based Nitrogen Management on Yield and Soil Quality

By Brian Arnall and Bill Raun.  This current report examines a study that was established in 2004 designed to evaluate the sensor based technologies and typical yield goal based management practices.  July 2013.

474 KB
  Document CR-2277 Applying Nitrogen-Rich Strips

By Brian Arnall and Bill Raun. This current report discusses the value of nitrogen-rich strips on the farm. It includes how they are used and how, when, were and how much to apply.

360 KB
  Document E-1003 Oklahoma Homeowner's Handbook for Soil and Nutrient Management

By Hailin Zhang and William Raun. This circular includes information for interpreting and diagnosing the needs and problems of soil and nutrient management encountered in the yard and garden. Revised June 2016.

17 MB
  Document HLA-6719 Use of Optical Sensors to Monitor Plant Nitrogen Status in Horticultural Plants

By Rania Basyouni and Bruce Dunn. This fact sheet discusses some different spectral sensors available in the market, including an overview on operating and usage in a greenhouse.

1 MB
  Document L-312 Protect the Illinois River from Nutrient Pollution

This brochure discusses nutrient pollution and how to prevent it. Reviewed July 2013.

833 KB
  Document L-346 Responsible Lawn Care: Protection for Your Creek or Lake

By Hailin Zhang and Mike Smolen. This brochure discusses how to properly care for your lawn, while protecting the environment. Reviewed May 2014.

2 MB
  Document L-447 Phosphorus Removal Structures

By Chad Penn. This leaflet discusses methods, cost and design of phosphorus removal structures. These structures help the environment by removing phosphorus before it reaches waterways.

950 KB
  Document Oklahoma Farm & Ranch*A*Syst Assessment Planner

This assessment planner includes a grid to help you diagram your farm or ranch, which may provide useful information to help keep your ground water clean. Reviewed June 2014.

382 KB
  Document Oklahoma Farm & Ranch*A*Syst Fact Sheet 7

This fact sheet discusses reducing the risk of ground water contamination by improving swine, dairy, and beef cattle waste management. Reviewed June 2014.

243 KB
  Document Oklahoma Farm & Ranch*A*Syst Fact Sheet 8

This fact sheet discusses reducing the risk of ground water contamination by improving poultry waste management. Reviewed June 2014.

270 KB
  Document Oklahoma Farm & Ranch*A*Syst Worksheet 7

This worksheet is about assessing the risk of gound water contamination from swine, dairy, and beef cattle. Reviewed June 2014.

286 KB
  Document Oklahoma Farm & Ranch*A*Syst Worksheet 8

This worksheet is about assessing the risk of ground water contamination from poultry waste management.  Reviewed June 2014.

286 KB